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May 10, 2023

1. Immigration

Immigration is the movement of people internationally from one place to another, be it a state or a country, of which they are not the natives or residents, migrating for the settlement of employment and residence for permanence or either working as a foreign worker. Migrants or immigrants can be refer to as the group of people crossing national borders from the country’s perspective they are seeking to enter; and as emigrants from the perspective of the country, they are to leave. The process of migration features complexities and struggles, often a prolong travel involving crisis and food shortage. Until the 18th century mostly these immigrants were considered by the natives of the country as ‘illegal’ or lowered to a demeaning status, abused, exploited, and subjugated; victims of utter stereotyping and racism (Sirin et al. 2014). However, after prolonging struggle of human activists in the contemporary era immigrants are granted ’legal residents’ and’ respected status’ under the law worldwide. In the words of Francois Crepeau, it is said that every state must give equal respect and opportunity and cannot escape the obligations under international human rights law ensuring human rights of immigrants. The human rights that follow certain moral principles and norms that are implemented for all individuals regardless of one’s nation, religion, caste, color or any other status for the legal rights of independence and rights and standard of behaviors. While some migrants reflect positive migration while others, lack human rights significantly at the borders, which are looked forward by the Human Rights Committees (Hollifield et al. 2014). Human rights based approach to immigration focuses largely on migration policies and governance, paying attention to the disadvantaged groups among migrants, stating obligation to fulfill respect and protection of every individual under their jurisdiction.

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