ENGR9742 : Case Study Plan –

Topic: Case Study on German ‘Ordinance on Avoidance of Packaging Waste’


With the economic growth and rising incomes, the increase in the volume of municipal solid waste is posing risks to the environment as well as human health in almost every country in the world (UNEP 2011: p.294). Municipal solid waste is also an issue that attracts much public attention.

Waste disposal at landfills and incineration are no longer preferred as waste management methods due to their environmental impacts. Land available for landfills is becoming increasingly rare and incinerators also face opposition from the public due to perceived harmful effects from their emissions.

Governments faced with the financial and technical burden of safe disposal of waste are looking into alternative waste management policies that minimize the waste going for disposal in the final receiving environments (Brisson 1993: p.188).

Moreover, this escalating issue of waste is also directly linked to the increased material use and depletion of earth’s resources. Therefore, the reduction in the amount of waste generated should be a priority in any waste management policy.

Mandatory product take-back schemes are a waste management policy  approach that aims to reduce the amount of waste generated by shifting both physical and financial responsibility for the end of life recycling of products from governments to the manufacturers of those products (Lifset 1993).

The German ‘Ordinance on Avoidance of Packaging Waste’ is a product take-back scheme that seeks to minimize the amount of packaging waste going for final disposal by

Assignment Question :

For each article, briefly answer the following questions:
  • What is the argument of this author(s) regarding the topic?\
  • What evidence does the author(s) provide to support their argument?
  • Is the evidence used to support the argument conclusive and/or convincing?
  • How does the argument of this author compare to the other articles discussed?

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