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Apr 25, 2023 LOOK AT THE FILE ATTACHED FOR MORE DETAILED INSTRUCTIONS Assignment: The nervous system plays an important role in mediating our biological “drives”, also known as motivated behavior. This includes but is not limited to sleep, hunger and thirst, and sexual motivation. For this assignment, I would like you to find at least one primary research article (not a review article!!!!) that directly studies one specific aspect of motivated behavior or learning and memory that you are interested in. In addition, make sure the article contains at least one data figure (graph, chart, table, etc). Please follow the steps below to complete the assignment; READ THROUGH ALL STEPS BEFORE STARTING THE ASSIGNMENT! NOTE: For this assignment, you may begin by exploring the internet in order to identify which aspect of motivated behavior you would like to cover, but then I want you to focus your research on peer-reviewed scientific literature databases, like PubMed or PsycInfo (links to these databases can be found through the QU Libraries website). Steps: 1) Begin searching (with Google) different aspects of motivated behavior (sleep, hunger, thirst, etc). Once you settle on a specific aspect that interests you, write it down here. a) Specific aspect of motivated behavior: 2) Now go to the scientific databases listed above and type in some key words to search. If your key words generate an overwhelming number of articles, try being more specific in your search. For example, searching for general terms like “sleep and memory” on PubMed returns thousands of articles. Instead, searching for more specific terms like “REM sleep deprivation and motor memory” returns a more manageable number of articles. Refining the search terms further, for instance by including a specific brain area or neurotransmitter system, can limit the results even further. Record your search terms and the database searched below Gray Box 1 (i.e. PubMed: “REM sleep deprivation and motor memory”), as well as the evolution of terms from general to specific (if applicable). 3) After you perform a search you are satisfied with, look through the list of results and find some articles that interest you. 4) Read and take notes on at least 1 full-text primary research article that contains data figures. Be sure to look at the figures and understand how they help the author(s) illustrate a point/claim. See previous Article Worksheet/Group Discussion #2 to re-acquaint yourself with the steps of how to effectively and efficiently read a research article. Remember: primary research articles will typically have abstract, introduction, methods, results, and discussion sections. Make sure you are not selecting review articles or commentaries. 5) Below Gray Box 2 below, please do the following: a) ABOVE the References section header, write 1-2 brief paragraphs (5-9 sentences each) that effectively explain the research paper you found. Try to synthesize the information you’ve learned into a story that YOU are telling the reader about the research. You should start with why this topic is important to research, and what problems or questions need to be addressed (this should include in-text citations for support), then follow up with how the study address the problem or question and what the study found (again, in-text citations will be needed to support these claims), and then end by discussing those findings in the context of why they are important (plus more in-text citations). For a review of when and how to appropriately use in-text citations, see Article Worksheet/Group Discussion #2. b) Supplement your text with a graph, figure, image, or table from your research article that is most relevant to what you are writing about. Clearly reference and describe the figure in your paragraph, highlighting what the figure shows and how it supports the research findings. (1) On a Windows machine, one way to obtain a picture is to use the screen capture “Snipping Tool” [Start Menu > All Programs > Accessories > Snipping Tool]. Select the area of interest, copy and paste it into the gray box below. On newer versions of Windows, you can use the “Snip and Sketch” app that can be found in the program/app list. (2) On a Mac, press Command-Control-Shift-4, then draw a box around the graph/image of interest. The image will be saved to your clipboard, so simply paste it below. (3) Be sure to provide an in-text citation for the source of the image, see above for in-text citation instructions! 6) Now, below Gray Box 2, make sure your paragraph adheres to basic APA format a) Consists of complete sentences b) Use capital and lower-case letters and punctuation appropriately c) Double-spaced d) Times New Roman, 12-point font e) Uses in-text citations to support all evidence-based claims (both paraphrased and quoted). f) Provide an APA-style full reference BELOW the References heading for each source you used. ● To properly acknowledge the source (or sources) on which you base your claims, you need to provide the reader a full reference list at the end of your document, which corresponds to each of your in-text citations. ● The structure of an APA-style reference (and in-text citation) can be found by clicking this link: o OWL is a great, easily accessible reference resource o Do your best to translate the sources that you summarized into the proper reference format described by OWL; when you open OWL, you will see a list of all “reference list” types on the left-hand side of the screen. Special Note: The purpose of these worksheets is to cultivate sound academic research, writing and communication skills. These skills need to be learned, and take practice to master. As we move towards reading and writing about primary research articles, you may initially find the articles dense and difficult to understand, with lots of scientific jargon. When this happens, you may feel a tendency to simply copy the hypothesis, results, etc. from the paper, because you do not fully understand the language and/or cannot think of a way to state the claim in your own words. I would rather have you attempt to state something in your own words, and be wrong, than copy something directly from an article. You do not learn anything by copying, and may be committing plagiarism if you do not properly quote and cite. In addition, the best way to avoid accidental plagiarism is to take notes in your own words, and to not have your sources open in front of you when you are writing your paragraph. If you take notes in your own words, and then write from those notes, you will learn more about your topic and greatly decrease your risk of accidental plagiarism.
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