A program theory is articulated to be a concept that narrates why a particular program works, and at the same time, it also explains how the same program operates. That is, a program theory shows the connectivity between the things done within the program and the expected outcomes that should be achieved. It is imperative to note that program theories should be evidence-based and not based on our mere experience. If a program theory is being developed, empirical studies and theories should be consulted. Once a program theory is developed, a logic model should follow since the ideal reason for developing a logic model is to show the relationship between the program outcomes and the program`s components. Therefore, the current discussion will describe the theory and the logic model for a family violence prevention program, which falls under social work programs.
In establishing the improvement and growth of a family violence prevention program, it is crucial to evaluate the outcomes that have been achieved. Evidence should be provided to show that the program`s services make a difference for the people it serves (Savaya & Waysman, 2005; Grinnell et al., 2015). The said can be achieved through a logic model that shows the outcomes, needs, and interventions. The logic model will locate the program`s long-term goals at the end of the model. The program theory and the logic model require management and stakeholders to work together (Hernandez, 2000) so that the program may be successful. The family violence prevention program ensures it intervenes for those who face domestic violence.
The program theory indicates that offenders should be recidivism when evidence has been provided, including arrest. Data for non-offenders and convicted should be available to execute arrest and prosecution. The approach quoted by Hill and Thies (2010) can be employed in developing the logic model for this type of program. The goals and assumptions should be defined clearly in developing the logic model. Therefore, the Adler’s program theory model can effectively be applied in this program. This logic model will ensure that the program performs its mandate and achieve the set goals with the available resources. The model specifies the adopted systems to ensure that the program is beneficial to the users.
The active components for the defined logic model are legal services, counselling, and residential services. Also, the model comprises support groups and counselling groups. The program is expected to take intakes, file reports, and train volunteers. The main goal is to help the victims navigate the judicial system and get justice successfully. Overall, the program creates community awareness and ensures it changes community tolerance towards domestic violence. Therefore, with this kind of model, there will be proper coordination of the social service systems, intervention programs, healthcare system and judicial system to ensure the program outcomes and components are attained effectively.
For the program, the established need could be the lack of a well-coordinated system to address domestic violence in most families. The required resources should be federal technical assistance. The strategy should be to coordinate the systems to ensure increased family stability. Therefore, the discussed logic model and the program theory can be employed by the program evaluators and planners.