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should respond to at least two peers by extending, refuting/correcting, or adding additional nuance to their posts. Your reply posts are worth 2 points (1 point per response.)
All replies must be constructive and use literature where possible. 150 words each, 1 citation each . apa citations


response 1:Case 2


Prevention of obesity

Preventing obesity in children is important for better health outcomes. Children who are obese or overweight are more likely to continue being overweight in adulthood. Children who are obese are five times more likely to be obese when compared to children of normal weight (Lee & Yoon, 2018). Obesity increases the risk of developing health conditions such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, hypertension, stroke, chronic kidney disease and increased risk for mortality. Preventing obesity begins as children because you start to form behaviors in your childhood years (Lee & Yoon, 2018). As a nurse practitioner you should educate school-aged children and their parents about interventions to prevent childhood obesity. These interventions include educating children about eating a healthy diet, being active, and providing resources as needed. Children should be taught to limit sugar intake and processed foods and should be encouraged to eat nutrient dense foods such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Teaching them about portion control is equally important. Children would benefit from seeing visual pictures of what their plates should look like. Additionally, children should be encouraged to participate in physical activities. This includes participating in physical education classes, being active during recess, joining sports and encouraging hobbies that include being active. Nurse practitioners should provide resources to parents of overweight children as needed. This may include giving referrals to primary care providers, dieticians, and health advisors.

Eating disorders in adolescents

If an adolescent is suspected of having an eating disorder, professional help must be initiated. If this is a medical emergency, 911 should be called and the adolescent must be taken to the hospital. If it is not a medical emergency, a referral to a medical professional such as a psychologist or psychiatrist that has experience with eating disorders should be made. Depending on the severity of the eating disorder, the medical professional will decide if the adolescent requires inpatient or outpatient treatment. Family-based behavioral outpatient treatment is the most supported treatment for eating disorders (Limbers et al., 2018). The goal of family-based behavioral treatment is to allow the adolescent to remain at home with their family while the medical professional guides parents and gives them nutritional counseling. Parents must calmly guide their child’s eating and set boundaries as needed. When initiating conversations about eating disorders with adolescents, it’s important to initiate the topic in a private setting and remain empathetic, use active listening, ask open-ended questions, and offer support. Eating disorders can be difficult to understand and treat, therefore, adolescents need all the support from their families, medical professionals and other adults they are in close contact with.

Natural physical processes in adolescents

Several physical changes occur during adolescence. Natural physical processes that occur during adolescence include a rapid physical growth spurt and the onset of puberty (Edelman & Kudzma, 2018). These natural processes of biology and genetics are mainly due to hormonal changes. Adolescents will experience a spurt in height and weight, an increase in muscle mass, a development in reproductive organs, pubic and facial hair growth, and a deepening of the voice in males (Edelman & Kudzma, 2018). Puberty begins at different times for all adolescents, some experience it sooner than others. Females will experience the onset of menstruation and males will experience the onset of sperm production. Additional natural processes that occur during adolescence include a decrease in respiratory rate, an increase in size and strength of the heart, maturity of the gastrointestinal tract and the growth of permanent teeth (Edelman & Kudzma, 2018).

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