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May 15, 2023
As learners in a counseling program, we continue to learn, grow, and develop both personally and professionally. It is possible that while working to increase your self-awareness, you will discover things about your values and beliefs that you did not recognize before. This week, you are taking a closer look at yourself, your values and beliefs and narrowing in on your theoretical orientation.


For this assignment, you will reflect on self. You will want to work toward identifying your theoretical approach but also identifying why you chose the approach you did. Following each step below as you develop your paper.

1.) What is the motivation for your theoretical approach? To answer this question, you want to be very thoughtful about recognizing some of the values and beliefs that impact how you view mankind or even personality. For example, take time to think about your view on human nature. Is it deterministic, phenomenological, freedom of choice, constructivist, or something else? You can also determine what external factors impacted your choice. For example, you can discuss whether your theoretical approach is inspired by a mentor, or is the result of using a specific theory in practice at a practicum site.

2.) Once you identify a theory from which you will tend to approach counseling or a base theory (if you will present an integrative approach), discuss some of the key characteristics and basic assumptions of the theory, various concepts, and the goals of the theory. Also discuss the role of the counselor and the client. Once you have discussed on of these factors, you want to integrate discussion of how these theoretical factors relate to your values and beliefs and primary reasons why you chose the theory. If you feel you will approach counseling from an integrative approach, discuss how all of the theories are cohesive, or the ways in which you believe your collective approach to counseling utilizing the various theories will benefit the therapeutic process.

3.) Taking only your primary/base theoretical approach to counseling, you will want to integrate discussion of cultural factors and ethical issues that could arise. For example, if your approach to counseling includes a theory that is insight oriented you might need to make adjustments to this if providing counseling to certain populations. For example, some Asian cultures appreciate more directive approaches. They view the counselor as the authority figure and therefore want directions from them and might very well be opposed to working toward gaining insight. This discussion should include at least 2–3 diverse populations and discussing how you would make the necessary adjustments to the approach, what might be necessary and related ethical iss
ues that could arise.

Submission Requirements
Number of Pages: The body of the paper should be 9 pages long.
References: The paper must include a reference list. Include at least five current references, in addition to your textbooks. You must use proper, current Evidence and APA in listing your references.

Formatting: Use current APA style, including correct in-text citations, proper punctuation, double-spacing throughout, proper headings and subheadings, no skipped lines before headings and subheadings, proper paragraph and block indentation, no bolding, and no bullets. See Evidence and APA.

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