Ever since the era of advent of modern civilization and mechanization of lifestyles, we have witnessed several changes in aspects leveraging human health. Contrary to popular opinion, health isn’t concerned with just the physical state. The World Health organization (WHO) defines health in its 1948 constitution as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” [ ][ ] Hence health encompasses holistic wellness of every individual and the exact reason as to why several factors come to interplay influencing various aspects of health among which modifiable and non-modifiable factors.
Modifiable factors encompass nutrition, weight, exercise, smoking and sedentary behavior is the likes of it.
Nutrition remains one of the critical factors least attended to. Healthy eating comprises limiting the intake of foods with saturated fats, excess sugars and salts while increasing consumption of fruits, cereals, nuts, lean meat, fish, eggs, vegetables and low fat milk products. A balanced diet with intake of lots of water is a necessity. Eating disorders must be assessed and treated.
With the increasing awareness of our generation to weight issues, regular physical activity is undoubtedly the answer to prevention of lifestyle disorders like diabetes, hypertension, obesity, atherosclerosis, etc. Besides, exercise strengthens up the muscles and bones providing for a sculpted body, attractive built thus improving mental health. The recommended physical activity- minimum 30 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity on at least 5 days per week is quite basic and can be incorporated to the daily routine.3
Staying on the safer range of BMI (body mass index) ensures prevention of obesity keeping the energy levels, mood and concentration in check, preventing the advent of risk factors associated with chronic morbidities . Obese people are more likely to develop a range of chronic conditions4. The weight distribution of almost the whole population is shifting upwards – the slim are becoming less slim while the fat are getting fatter4. Current ways of life encourage them to eat more and exercise less. This includes the availability of cheap and heavily marketed energy-rich foods, the increase in labor-saving devices (e.g. lifts and remote controls) and the increase in avoidance of public transport.