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https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284419876 – Thursday, January 21, 2021 7:18:18 AM – IP Address:96.238.39.123 UNWTO Tourism Highlights 2018 Edition 1 International Tourism Trends 2017 https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284419876 – Thursday, January 21, 2021 7:18:18 AM – IP Address:96.238.39.123 • • • • Highest growth in international tourist arrivals in seven years since 2010. Recovery of destinations suffering from security challenges in recent years. Economic upswing resulting in strong outbound demand from major source markets. Strong recovery in demand from the emerging source markets of Brazil and the Russian Federation after few years of decline. Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © Note: Revised and updated as of 13 September 2018 Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © 2 https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284419876 – Thursday, January 21, 2021 7:18:18 AM – IP Address:96.238.39.123 Mode of Transport (2017) Purpose of visit (2017) Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © 1 Source: World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC) 3 International Tourist Arrivals Eighth consecutive year of sustained growth https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284419876 – Thursday, January 21, 2021 7:18:18 AM – IP Address:96.238.39.123 International tourist arrivals, change (%) • International tourist arrivals grew 7.0% in 2017, the highest increase since the 2009 global economic crisis and well above UNWTO’s longterm forecast of 3.8% per year for the period 2010 to 2020. • A total of 1,326 million international tourist arrivals were recorded in destinations around the world, some 86 million more than in 2016. • Results were driven by sustained travel demand for destinations across all world regions, including a firm recovery of those suffering from security challenges in recent years. • Growth was fuelled by the global economic upswing, resulting in strong outbound demand from virtually all source markets. • The recovery of outbound demand from Brazil and the Russian Federation after a few years of decline and the ongoing rise of India, also contributed to inbound growth in many destinations. • By region, Africa and Europe grew above average. • By subregion, North Africa and Southern and Mediterranean Europe led results in 2017, reflecting strong demand for destinations along the Mediterranean. Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © International tourist arrivals (million) * = Provisional figure or data Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © International tourist arrivals, change by region, 2017 (%) Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © 4 https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284419876 – Thursday, January 21, 2021 7:18:18 AM – IP Address:96.238.39.123 International Tourist Arrivals by (Sub)region Market share (%) International Tourist Arrivals (million) Average annual growth (%) Change (%) 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2016 2017* 2017* 16/15 17*/16 2005-’17* 531 680 809 952 1,195 1,240 1,326 100 3.8 7.0 4.2 Advanced economies¹ 342 430 469 515 655 686 730 55 4.8 6.3 3.7 Emerging economies¹ 189 250 339 437 540 554 597 45 2.5 7.8 4.8 308.5 392.9 452.7 487.7 605.1 619.5 671.7 51 2.4 8.4 3.3 Northern Europe 36.4 44.8 54.7 56.6 69.8 73.8 77.8 6 5.8 5.5 3.0 Western Europe 112.2 139.7 141.7 154.4 181.5 181.6 192.7 15 0.0 6.1 2.6 Central/Eastern Europe 58.9 69.6 95.3 98.6 122.4 127.1 133.7 10 3.8 5.3 2.9 Southern/Medit. Eur. 100.9 139.0 161.1 178.1 231.4 237.1 267.4 20 2.4 12.8 4.3 – of which EU-28 271.0 336.8 367.5 383.0 478.6 500.4 538.7 41 4.6 7.7 3.2 Asia and the Pacific 82.0 110.4 154.1 208.2 284.1 306.0 323.1 24 7.7 5.6 6.4 North-East Asia 41.2 58.4 85.9 111.5 142.1 154.3 159.5 12 8.6 3.4 5.3 South-East Asia 28.5 36.3 49.0 70.5 104.2 110.8 120.4 9 6.3 8.6 7.8 Oceania 8.1 9.6 10.9 11.5 14.3 15.7 16.6 1 9.7 6.0 3.6 South Asia 4.2 6.1 8.3 14.7 23.5 25.2 26.6 2 7.0 5.6 10.2 108.9 128.2 133.3 150.4 194.1 201.3 210.9 16 3.7 4.8 3.9 North America 80.5 91.5 89.9 99.5 127.8 131.5 137.0 10 2.8 4.2 3.6 Caribbean 14.0 17.1 18.8 19.5 24.1 25.2 26.0 2 4.7 2.9 2.7 Central America 2.6 4.3 6.3 7.8 10.2 10.7 11.2 1 4.1 4.7 4.9 South America 11.7 15.3 18.3 23.6 31.9 33.9 36.7 3 6.3 8.3 6.0 18.7 26.2 34.8 50.4 53.6 57.7 62.7 5 7.8 8.6 5.0 North Africa 7.3 10.2 13.9 19.7 18.0 18.9 21.7 2 5.0 14.9 3.8 Subsaharan Africa 11.5 16.0 20.9 30.7 35.6 38.9 41.0 3 9.2 5.5 5.8 12.7 22.4 33.7 55.4 58.1 55.6 58.1 4 -4.4 4.6 4.7 World By UNWTO regions: Europe Americas Africa Middle East * = Provisional figure or data ¹ Classification based on the International Monetary Fund (IMF), see the Statistical Annex of the IMF World Economic Outlook of April 2016, page 146, at www.imf.org/external/ns/cs.aspx?id=29. Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © (Data as collected by UNWTO September 2018) 5 International Tourism Receipts https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284419876 – Thursday, January 21, 2021 7:18:18 AM – IP Address:96.238.39.123 Tourism is the world’s third largest export category International tourism receipts, change (real terms, %) • International tourism receipts increased 4.9% in real terms (adjusted for exchange rate fluctuations and inflation) to reach US$ 1,340 billion in 2017. • Strong outbound demand from both traditional and emerging markets fuelled growth in global receipts, which follows the positive trend recorded in international tourist arrivals (+7%). • By region, the Middle East led growth in receipts, as some destinations rebounded strongly after weaker results in 2016. • By subregion, growth was significant in South Asia and South-East Asia, as well as in Southern Mediterranean Europe and North Africa. • In addition to the US$ 1,340 billion in tourism receipts earned in the destinations (the travel item of the Balance of Payments), international tourism generated another US$ 240 billion from international passenger transport services rendered to non-residents. • Total exports from international tourism therefore reach US$ 1.6 trillion, or US$ 4 billion a day on average. • As a worldwide export category, tourism ranks third after chemicals and fuels and ahead of automotive products. In many developing countries, tourism is the top export category. Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © Total tourism exports (international tourism receipts + passenger transport services) (US$ billion) 1,580 * = Provisional figure or data Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © International tourism receipts, change by region, 2017 (real terms, %) Source: World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) © 6 https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284419876 – Thursday, January 21, 2021 7:18:18 AM – IP Address:96.238.39.123 International Tourism Receipts by (Sub)region Market share Change Local currencies, constant prices (%) US$ (%) euro Receipts per arrival (billion) Receipts per arrival (billion) 16/15 17*/16 2017* 2015 2016 2017* 2017* 2015 2016 2017* 2017* 2.6 4.9 100 1,221 1,245 1,340 1,010 1,101 1,124 1,186 900 Advanced economies¹ 1.9 4.2 65 799 814 870 1,200 720 735 770 1,060 Emerging economies¹ 3.9 6.2 35 423 431 470 790 381 389 416 700 1.7 8.0 39 468.0 468.1 519.2 770 421.8 422.9 459.6 690 Northern Europe 8.5 7.7 7 82.0 83.2 89.7 1,150 73.9 75.2 79.4 1,020 Western Europe -1.2 5.1 13 159.2 157.2 170.5 880 143.5 142.1 150.9 780 Central/Eastern Europe 6.2 6.6 4 50.4 52.6 59.9 450 45.5 47.5 53.0 400 Southern/Medit

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