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May 01, 2023

Answer:

Introduction

Person-centred care approach is considered to have deep roots in clinical practice and historically have been a major segment of both Western and Eastern medicine approach. Person-centred practice approaches have been provided a significant profile in the previous 60 years and presume specific importance as of now along with the proceedings towards personalised medications (Stuart, 2017). NSW, 2021, consider this approach as it takes into account every person’s age, life experience, culture, gender, language, heritage, beliefs as well as identity. Person-centred approach is based on strength of patient, where clients are acknowledged as the health professionals in their life specifically focuses on their ability, and any assistance they require on it. International support is there for person-centred clinical approaches by the side of World Health Organization (WHO). Person-centred care has significant importance in psychiatric setting. For example, mental health sectors has adopted an approach known as biopsychological approach is inherently person-centred. The main reason for adapting this approach is mainly due to having association of biopsychological determinants of an individual with both development and progression of mental health disorders (Stuart, 2017). However, despite its’ importance in psychiatric setting, psychiatry has a prolonged history of being criticised specifically due to its’ focus on classifications of disorders that are currently seen as dehumanising individuals and marking them as deviant while significantly avoiding major aspects of some subjective experiences of ethnicity, culture, trauma and political oppression. According to current evidences, even today, in many segments of the world individuals with psychological health illnesses are poorly resourced in comparison with physical health services.

The main objective of this study is to discuss the importance of person centred care and recovery oriented practice in individuals with psychiatric individuals.

Case Study

Mr. X is a 67 years old retired individual who is currently experiencing clinical symptoms of clinical depression including isolation from society and peers, confusion, and disorientation. He has been diagnosed with some chronic illnesses such as diabetes and hypertension three years before. He currently lives with his wife as he had lost his son four years before following a car accident. Since that period, Mr. Y has shifted his place to a new community and currently lives in a rental place. He has been consulted with a general practitioner as was experiencing the clinical symptoms of the condition.  Mr. Y was recommended with both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions including anti-depressant drugs as well as yoga and cognitive behavioural approach as all the stated interventions are considered evidence-based and have significant impact in ensuring gradual recovery and wellbeing of the individuals. However, due to his reluctant behaviour, he had denied to follow the recommended therapeutic for the patient. However, as currently, he is experiencing clinical deterioration, wife of Mr. Y has become very worried thinking of Mr. Y’s health status and wellbeing. Mr. Y is currently eliciting aggressiveness and societal withdrawal associated symptoms; therefore, Mr. Y has been presented to a mental health centre where physicians have performed a thorough physiological and psychological assessment in order to investigate current health status of the individual and identify biopsychological, sociocultural, environmental and behavioural determinants that may be associated with the current health status of the patient. In the next section of this study, the author is going to discuss person centred care and recovery oriented practice considering the current situation of the patient.

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