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May 13, 2023

Use my annotated bibliography to create the essay. Also use the sources within my annotated bibliography as well as incorporate some of the quotes used in the Annotated Bibliography into the essay.Use my annotated bibliography to create the essay. Also use the sources within my annotated bibliography as well as incorporate the quotes used in the Annotated Bibliography into the essay. So basically make the Annotated bibliography into a worthy essay for me please.


Here is my annotated bibliography copied and pasted for you to use for my essay that you are writing:
Cooper, Preston. “Eliminating Standardized Testing Will Worsen Inequality.”
Gale Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection. Gale, 2022.

The elimination of standardized testing in college admissions will contribute to existing inequalities in the educational system. Cooper emphasizes that standardized tests give students from different socioeconomic groups a level playing field and enable admissions personnel to conduct more impartial evaluations. Without quantitative measurements, admissions staff may have to rely more on subjective criteria, which can be influenced by a student’s access to resources and opportunities, such as extracurricular activities, personal essays, and letters of reference.
According to Cooper, children from wealthier families may have easier access to resources like private tutoring, college counseling, legacy status, and extracurricular involvement, which may have given them an advantage throughout the admissions process. As per mention of Cooper in his study, “The implication is that admissions considerations other than the SAT bias admissions decisions in favor of high-income students. Higher-income students have many advantages in the college admissions game which are legacy status, violin lessons, and volunteer trips to Malawi that their lower-income peers lack.” (1)
However, students from underprivileged families, on the other hand, would not have the same access to such resources. So with eliminating standardized testing, This would further entrench inequality in higher education by increasing the gap between students from advantaged backgrounds and those from disadvantaged backgrounds. Standardized testing, in Cooper’s opinion, can be used to find talent in underrepresented communities. Standardized tests can give kids who might not have access to well-funded schools or advanced coursework the chance to show off their abilities and level the playing field in the admissions process. Eliminating standardized testing may make it harder for these pupils to demonstrate their skills and accomplishments.
Overall, Cooper contends that by eliminating standardized testing in college admissions that it would worsen inequality by increasing subjectivity in the admissions process and further decrease chances of admission to elite or high quality colleges for disadvantaged students from underprivileged backgrounds. Cooper advocates for a well-rounded strategy that takes into account any unintended repercussions of policy changes affecting college admissions and underlines the significance of tackling more general issues of equity and fairness in higher education.
Cooper states the importance of standardized testing by providing a critical perspective on the ongoing debate about the role of standardized testing in the admissions process and challenges the notion that eliminating standardized testing would automatically lead to an imbalanced admissions process whilst highlighting the potential negative consequences of such a move. An example of a negative consequence due to an elimination of standardized testing, “The end of the SAT requirement means more emphasis on personality scores, which are self-evidently impossible to assign objectively. No SAT requirement also probably means more preference for legacy students, who are admitted at 5 times the rate of typical applicants. It is easier for an admissions committee to accept a legacy student or the child of a major donor with mediocre academic accomplishments if applicants are not required to submit evidence of those accomplishments”. (2)
Through this, Cooper underscores the need for policymakers, educators, and admissions officers to carefully consider the impact of policy changes on students from different backgrounds and to strive for equitable and inclusive college admissions practices.
The Article on Eliminating Standardized Testing in College Admissions is useful to my research on “In the past five years, how has racial inequity in college admissions policies affected the opinions of Black and Latino students regarding the claim of equitable admission decisions?” as it supplies me with a new and different viewpoint in the midst of the current debates between 2022 to today about college admissions policies and its effects on students from underprivileged communities. College Admissions Policies such as Test-Optional enable me to understand and demonstrate the adversity it may cause on low income students, such as those from underserved communities like, the Black and Latino community, may be negatively impacted considering their academic abilities may be overlooked without tests such as the ACT or SAT. Firstly, I will use some of the introductory background detail to create a hook. I will use the rest to analyze how the exclusion of standardized testing has influenced the admission policies of colleges in the United States, specifically its impact on Black and Latino students in order to address my essay question in my body paragraphs. For example, I will divide my body paragraphs into each factor or issue that may be presented within standardized testing such as evaluating how standardized testing provides a level playing field for students from low-income backgrounds as well as provide Black and Latino American students an opportunity to demonstrate academic potential, regardless of their background, by examining their academic rigor solely based on their test scores or highlighting how standardized testing may not always be an accurate reflection of a student’s academic abilities and some students may perform poorly on these tests despite their potential but can definitely help low income or underserved students receive a higher percent chance in being admitted into high quality colleges or universities. For example, I will include admission decisions that claim to be equitable that perpetuate and involve racial inequity due to unconscious bias, institutional racism, and other factors that can affect the selection process and lead to a lack of diversity in higher education.

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